HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Rome, Italy or Virtually from your home or work.

4th Edition of World Congress on Infectious Diseases

June 23-24, 2023 | Rome, Italy

June 21 -22, 2023 | Rome, Italy
Infection 2023

Selmi Rachid

Speaker at World Congress on Infectious Diseases 2023 - Selmi Rachid
Rachid, Tunisia
Title : Camels as one health bio-indicators: Example of vector borne pathogens


Livestock constitute habitual hosts and carriers for several infectious pathogens which may represent a serious public health concern and lead to a wide economic losses. Camels are increasingly the subject of several scientific investigations, showing that they are receptive and carriers of several zoonotic pathogens. An appraisal is also given of the relative public health importance of these infections according to One Health concept. Microscopic, serologic and molecular findings are appropriately generated in order to exploit epidemiological data, and phylogeographic specificities associated to bacterial and viral vector-borne infections. Indeed, camels and their ticks harbour similar species and genotypes of pathogenic bacteria and virus commonly identified in other animals, e.g., Anaplasma spp. Rickettsia spp., Borrelia spp., Coxiella burnetii, Bartonella spp., rift valley fever Phlebovirus, and The Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Nairovirus. This evidence suggests an epidemiological role of camels in the spread of these pathogens in their natural habitats. However, these infections are commonly asymptomatic in camels resulting in underestimation of the impact of these infections. Furthermore, camels have recently been proven to have their own specific unclassified bacterial strains, such as Candidatus Anaplasma camelii and Candidatus Bartonella camelii, implying that possible interactions may lead to the emergence of pathogenic and zoonotic bacteria. In camel-rearing areas of the world, spatial and temporal spread of these infections, due to climatic and ecological changes and human activities such as development projects and urbanization, is expected. Hence the data presented herein provides a basis for strategic frameworks for the research and the development of novel diagnosis and control strategies worldwide, which are needed to protect camels, other livestock, and people in contact with dromedaries from threats that arthropod-borne pathogens can pose. 

Audience Take Away:

  • Updated data related to the role of animals in one health concept?
  • The role of camels in persistence of zoonotic infections in arid, semi-arid and desertic areas.
  • Regular survey and diagnostic of these infections are highly required.
  • Implement intercontinental prophylaxis procedures with a multidisciplinary working group.


Dr. Selmi Rachid, doctor of veterinary Medicine (2008), from the National school of veterinary Medicine of Sidi Thabet, Tunisia. In possession of a Phd degree, and a diploma of veterinary doctor specialized in veterinary microbiology and immunology, he is the author of many scientific articles published in international journals. He exercises in the Military Center of Veterinary Medicine within the general direction of military health of Tunisia.