There are many infectious diseases in Iraq due to difficult circumstances and wares occurred previously. Most of these disease are very dangerous for humans and animals and also effect the economic state in Iraq and may be extend to the niebouring countries. The infectious bacterial disease as Tuberculosis which cause by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is one of them which effect different ages of both sexes with high morbidity which lead to long term of disease, also Cholera cause by Vibrio cholera is currently endemic especially in north of Iraq, and now a days appear as outbreak, in addition to infection with Salmonella spp and Helicobacter pylori which recorded high percentage of infections in our population recent years.
The infectious viral diseases creating important problem in public health like Hepatitis virus mainly types B and C, which are highly spread like fire in bushes and some cases lead to cancer. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an economically devastating, trans- boundary, and very contagious viral animal infection that influence cloven-hoofed animals, consider one the most infectious endemic disease in Iraq, and appear as outbreak from time to time.
Crimean –Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (C-CHF) is alive threating acute tick viral infection with high mortality rate reaches to 40-80% cause by Orthonairo virus. It has most extensive geographic range among the significant tick born viruses, it occurs in more than30 countries. The disease characterized by a sudden onset of high fever and bleeding from ear, nose and mouth, then weak pulse and death similar to the symptoms of Ebola, so sometimes called Asian Ebola. Iraq is an endemic country for this disease and the contact with lives tock is the main source of human infection, most cases appear in rural area. The disease was first recognize in 1979 in west of Iraq. Now a days is spread in different governorates of our country.