Infection is a prevalent concern in orthopaedic trauma patients, and it is associated with high financial and psychosocial consequences, as well as increased morbidity. Infection rates in orthopaedic trauma patients are significant, ranging from 5% to 10% depending on the injury's location and severity, as well as the kind of fracture. Infections of the skin and other soft tissues can develop to infections of the bones and joints (osteomyelitis) (septic arthritis). Orthopaedic infections can develop chronic if not treated promptly. As a result, even a minor injury on the fingertip can render your hand permanently immobile. In hospitals, doctors and nurses wear gloves and gowns and wash their hands frequently to prevent the spread of infections. Orthopaedic infection is a costly issue with little progress in research and few innovations that affect clinical practise and outcomes.